Surface runoff and losses of phosphorus from hydrophobic pastoral soils


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Bayad M., Chau H.W., Trolove S., Moir J., Condron L., El Gharous M.

Publisher: Elsevier Masson

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment (0167-8809)

Volume number: 324

ISSN: 0167-8809

URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85117165651&doi=10.1016%2fj.agee.2021.107690&partnerID=40&md5=2309b883a4e45fe5793fde70baa867c0

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

The impact of soil water repellency (SWR) on soil phosphorus (P) mobility in surface water runoff remains contentious. Although SWR may cause a significant increase in surface runoff, especially in post-summer rainfall events, whether it contributes to background phosphorus losses remains unclear. Surface runoff and P concentrations in runoff were measured on hilly Allophanic pastoral soils with different water repellency levels using seven runoff collectors. Phosphorus fertilizer was broadcasted at 18 kg P ha−1 in the summer over dry soils. Runoff volumes and P concentrations were measured after each natural rain event prompting surface runoff. The highest runoff/rainfall ratios were observed at the early rainfall events following the dry summer and then decreased significantly by the end of autumn and winter. The post-summer surface runoff correlation with SWR had an R2 of 0.46, and hydrophobic soils had significantly higher runoff ratios than wettable soils. Measurements of the dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) and total phosphorus (TP) in the surface runoff showed decreasing exponential trends, with the highest values recorded in the first runoff event following P fertilizer application, where over 90% of losses occurred (incidental losses). After the incidental loss phase, DRP concentrations were related to surface runoff ratio, soil P extractability by water, and SWR. Our data point to non-incidental TP loads being related to SWR (R2 = 0.53). The present results will improve the understanding of the SWR effect on surface runoff and will reconcile the controversy regarding its contribution to non-incidental P losses. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.


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Last updated on 2022-16-01 at 23:23