Bio-sourced porous cellulose microfibrils from coffee pulp for wastewater treatment

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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: El Achaby, Mounir; Ruesgas-Ramon, Mariana; Fayoud, Nour-El Houda; Figueroa-Espinoza, Maria Cruz; Trabadelo, Vera; Draoui, Khalid; Ben Youcef, Hicham

Publisher: Springer (part of Springer Nature): Springer Open Choice Hybrid Journals

Publication year: 2019

Journal: Cellulose (0969-0239)

Volume number: 26

Issue number: 6

Start page: 3873

End page: 3889

Number of pages: 17

ISSN: 0969-0239

eISSN: 1572-882X

Languages: English (EN-GB)

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The present work describes the production of novel highly hydrated cellulose microfibrils (CMFs) with unique morphology from coffee pulp waste using specific chemical treatments. The as-produced CMFs were successfully characterized and then used as an adsorbent for removal of methylene blue (MB) from concentrated aqueous solutions. Surprisingly, it was found that the novel CMFs display high water-uptake ability, with a maximum swelling ratio of 265%, and that they form an entangled hydrated network gel in water. The morphological observation and nitrogen adsorption measurement demonstrated that the extracted CMFs exhibit an average fibril diameter of 11.5 mu m and mesoporous structure with an average pore size of 6.37 nm. These special features make the as-produced CMFs excellent candidates to be used as adsorbents for removal of MB from concentrated solutions. The performed adsorption studies determined that the adsorption equilibrium was reached within 90 min. The adsorption kinetics data were well fitted to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, and the adsorption isotherms were well described by the Freundlich isotherm model. In addition, the maximum adsorption capacity was 182.5 mg/g, much higher than that determined for other previously reported cellulose-based adsorbents. Through this study, we have demonstrated a possible strategy to give an added value to the coffee pulp waste, a by-product of the coffee processing industry, which is rich in cellulose, inexpensive and renewable source. Indeed, the extracted CMFs are very attractive for developing a sustainable and economically viable bio-sourced material for future growth of cellulose use in advanced applications.


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Last updated on 2021-16-06 at 23:16