Understanding the redox process upon electrochemical cycling of the P2-Na0.78Co1/2Mn1/3Ni1/6O2 electrode material for sodium-ion batteries


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Hakim, Charifa; Sabi, Noha; Ma, Le Anh; Dahbi, Mouad; Brandell, Daniel; Edstrom, Kristina; Duda, Laurent C.; Saadoune, Ismael; Younesi, Reza

Publisher: Nature Research (part of Springer Nature): Fully open access journals / Nature Publishing Group

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Communications Chemistry (2399-3669)

Journal acronym: COMMUN CHEM

Volume number: 3

Issue number: 1

Number of pages: 9

ISSN: 2399-3669

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

The inclusion of nickel and manganese in layered sodium metal oxide cathodes for sodium ion batteries is known to improve stability, but the redox behaviour at high voltage is poorly understood. Here in situ X-ray spectroscopy studies show that the redox behaviour of oxygen anions can account for an increase in specific capacity at high voltages. Rechargeable sodium-ion batteries have recently attracted renewed interest as an alternative to Li-ion batteries for electric energy storage applications, because of the low cost and wide availability of sodium resources. Thus, the electrochemical energy storage community has been devoting increased attention to designing new cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries. Here we investigate P2- Na0.78Co1/2Mn1/3Ni1/6O2 as a cathode material for sodium ion batteries. The main focus is to understand the mechanism of the electrochemical performance of this material, especially differences observed in redox reactions at high potentials. Between 4.2 V and 4.5 V, the material delivers a reversible capacity which is studied in detail using advanced analytical techniques. In situ X-ray diffraction reveals the reversibility of the P2-type structure of the material. Combined soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering demonstrates that Na deintercalation at high voltages is charge compensated by formation of localized electron holes on oxygen atoms.


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Last updated on 2021-15-06 at 23:16