Impact of Washingtonia robusta Leaves on Gamma Irradiation-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats and Correlation with STING Pathway and Phenolic Composition


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Selim, Nabil M.; El-Hawary, Seham S.; El Zalabani, Soheir M.; Shamma, Rehab Nabil; Mahdy, Nariman El Sayed; Sherif, Noheir H.; Fahmy, Hanan A.; Mekkawy, Mai H.; Yasri, Abdelaziz; Sobeh, Mansour

Publisher: MDPI

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Pharmaceuticals (1424-8247)

Volume number: 13

Issue number: 10

ISSN: 1424-8247

eISSN: 1424-8247

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

Exposure to ionizing radiation usually results in cellular oxidative damage and may induce liver toxicity. The efficiency of the ethanol extracts of Washingtonia filifera (EWF) and Washingtonia robusta (EWR) leaves in alleviating gamma-radiation-induced oxidative hepatotoxicity was herein explored. Proximate and macronutrient composition of the leaves was determined to establish reliable quality control criteria. Colorimetric estimation of total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid (TFC) contents revealed their occurrence in larger amounts in EWR. In vitro evaluation of the antioxidant capacity by 2,2-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays confirmed higher efficiency of EWR designating a close correlation with phenolic composition. Four phenolics, viz., naringenin, kaempferol, quercetin, and gallic acid, were isolated from EWR. In vivo assessment of the extracts' antioxidant potential was performed on gamma-irradiated (7.5 Gy) female rats. EWR was found more efficient in restoring the elevated liver index, ALT, albumin, cholesterol, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Both extracts ameliorated the increase in the stimulator of interferon gene (STING) expression. Bioactivity was confirmed by immuno-histochemical examination of inflammatory and apoptotic biomarkers (TNF-alpha, IL-6 and caspase-3) and histopathological architecture. In addition, the interactions of the isolated compounds with STING were assessed in silico by molecular docking. Therefore, Washingtonia robusta leaves might be suggested as a valuable nutritional supplement to alleviate radiotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity.


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Last updated on 2021-17-10 at 23:19