Accelerated Stress Test Method for the Assessment of Membrane Lifetime in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Publisher: American Chemical Society

Publication year: 2019

Journal: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces (1944-8244)

Volume number: 11

Issue number: 51

ISSN: 1944-8244

eISSN: 1944-8252

URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b15736


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Abstract

An accelerated stress test (AST) method was developed to estimate the lifetime of ion-exchange membranes in a vanadium redox flow battery. The oxidative VO2+ ions present in the charged positive electrolyte are the predominant stressor causing loss of functional groups and membrane conductivity. Membrane aging was accelerated in ex situ tests by exploiting elevated temperatures and the increased oxidative strength of Ce4+. Acceleration factors were determined on the basis of the analysis of aged radiation grafted g(S-AN) membranes. The degradation in a Ce4+ solution was found to be ∼4 times faster than in VO2+. The highest acceleration factor of ∼200 was found for the degradation with Ce4+ at 80 °C. The degradation reaction present in the accelerated stress test showed a similar activation energy of ∼50 kJ/mol in VO2+ and Ce4+ solutions, suggesting a similar reaction pathway. The applicability of the test was further evaluated with the second membrane, g(AMS-MAN). Its lifetime was estimated based on the accelerated stress test and acceleration factors previously determined for the g(S-AN) membrane and compared to the lifetime projected from an extended cycling experiment in the cell. The two values were in the same range of ∼4000 h. The proposed AST can serve as a basis for predictive modeling of membrane lifetime in vanadium redox flow batteries. The potential of the method and the limitations are discussed.​​​​​​​


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Last updated on 2021-07-06 at 23:17