Quantile mapping bias correction on rossby centre regional climate models for precipitation analysis over Kenya, East Africa


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: No

Author list: Ayugi B., Tan G., Ruoyun N., Babaousmail H., Ojara M., Wido H., Mumo L., Ngoma N.H., Nooni I.K., Ongoma V.

Publisher: MDPI

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Water (2073-4441)

Volume number: 12

Issue number: 3

ISSN: 2073-4441

eISSN: 2073-4441

URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85082681049&origin=inward


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Abstract

This study uses the quantile mapping bias correction (QMBC) method to correct the bias in five regional climate models (RCMs) from the latest output of the Rossby Center Climate Regional Model (RCA4) over Kenya. The outputs were validated using various scalar metrics such as root-mean-square difference (RMSD), mean absolute error (MAE), and mean bias. The study found that the QMBC algorithm demonstrates varying performance among the models in the study domain. The results show that most of the models exhibit reasonable improvement after corrections at seasonal and annual timescales. Specifically, the European Community Earth-System (EC-EARTH) and Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) models depict remarkable improvement as compared to other models. On the contrary, the Institute Pierre Simon Laplace Model CM5A-MR (IPSL-CM5A-MR) model shows little improvement across the rainfall seasons (i.e., March-May (MAM) and October-December (OND). The projections forced with bias-corrected historical simulations tallied observed values demonstrate satisfactory simulations as compared to the uncorrected RCMs output models. This study has demonstrated that using QMBC on outputs from RCA4 is an important intermediate step to improve climate data before performing any regional impact analysis. The corrected models may be used in projections of drought and flood extreme events over the study area.


Keywords

drought, Flood, Kenya, Quantile mapping bias correction (QMBC), Regional climate models (RCMs), Rossby centre regional climate model (RCA4)


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Last updated on 2021-12-06 at 23:18