Formulation and characterization of hydroxyapatite-based composite with enhanced compressive strength and controlled antibiotic release


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Ait Said, Hamid; Noukrati, Hassan; Oudadesse, Hassane; Ben Youcef, Hicham; Lefeuvre, Bertrand; Hakkou, Rachid; Lahcini, Mohammed; Barroug, Allal

Publisher: Wiley: 12 months

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A (1549-3296)

ISSN: 1549-3296

eISSN: 1552-4965

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

A composite based on hydroxyapatite (HA) and chitosan (CS) combined with ciprofloxacin (CIP) was formulated by the solid-liquid mixing method. The optimization of the solid to the liquid ratio and the use of chitosan in a small amount (<= 5 wt%) promoted the preparation of stable and rigid monoliths. A synergistic effect of CS and CIP contents on the compressive strength of the CIP-loaded composite was evidenced. The compressive strength of the fabricated biocomposite ranged in values from 1 to 6 MPa, comparable to those reported for cancellous bone. The improvement of the mechanical properties with the increase of the rate of organic components was correlated with the diminution of the surface area and the reduction in the pore volume of the specimens. On the other hand, the in vitro release experiments of the antibiotic indicated a sustained and controlled release of CIP over 10 days. Moreover, in vitro antibacterial tests performed on the biocomposite HA-CS5-CIP showed significant inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli pathogens. According to the showed results, the formulated composite with three-phase components could be a promising material for bone repair and local antibiotic release for the treatment of bone infections.


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Last updated on 2021-21-11 at 23:21