New insights into the Argan oil categories characterization: Chemical descriptors, FTIR fingerprints, and chemometric approaches


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Kharbach M., Yu H., Kamal R., Barra I., Marmouzi I., Cherrah Y., Alaoui K., Bouklouze A., Heyden Y.V.

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Talanta (0039-9140)

Volume number: 225

ISSN: 0039-9140

URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85099792857&doi=10.1016%2fj.talanta.2020.122073&partnerID=40&md5=df31b8bfd1d386e2aebca3a843ac024b

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

The characterization of Argan oils to classify them in three categories (‘Extra Virgin’, ‘Virgin’ and ‘Lower quality’) was evaluated. A total of 120 Moroccan Argan oils samples from the Taroudant Argan forest was investigated. The free acidity, peroxide value, spectrophotometric indices (K232 and K270), fatty acids, sterols, and tocopherol contents were assessed. The samples were also scanned by FTIR spectroscopy. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and four classification methods, Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA), Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy (SIMCA), K-nearest Neighbors (KNN), and Support Vector Machines (SVM), were applied on both the chemical and spectral data. Besides the conventional chemical profiling, FTIR spectra were evaluated for their feasibility as a rapid non-invasive approach for classifying and predicting the oil quality categories. The most important variables for differentiating the oil categories were identified as K232, peroxide value, ɣ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, acidity, stigma-8-22-dien-3β-ol, stearic acid (C18:0) and linoleic acid (C18:2) and could be used as quality indicators. Eight chemical descriptors or key features from the FTIR spectra (selected by interval-PLS) could also be established as indicators of quality and freshness of Argan oils. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.


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Last updated on 2021-25-11 at 23:20