Halotolerant Endophytic Bacterium Serratia rubidaea ED1 Enhances Phosphate Solubilization and Promotes Seed Germination


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Mahdi, Ismail; Hafidi, Mohamed; Allaoui, Abdelmounaaim; Biskri, Latefa

Publisher: MDPI

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Agriculture (2077-0472)

Journal acronym: Agriculture

Volume number: 11

Issue number: 3

ISSN: 2077-0472

eISSN: 2077-0472

URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/11/3/224

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

Quinoa is renowned for its nutritional value and ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions such as salinity. In the present work, we isolated 34 phosphate solubilizing endophytic bacteria associated with the roots of quinoa plants. Based on phosphate solubilization efficiency and biochemical characterization, we selected one isolate named ED1. Ribotyping using partial 16S RNA gene analysis revealed that the selected isolate shares 99.7% identity with Serratia rubidaea. Plant growth promoting (PGP) studies showed that the ED1 strain solubilized complexed forms of phosphate (Ca3(PO4)2). Zinc release from ZnO, Zn3(PO4)2, or ZnCO3 revealed the efficient ZnO solubilization by the ED1 strain. Except for proteases, the strain ED1 produced siderophores, cellulase, ammonia and exhibited oligonitrophilic features. Indole acetic acid (IAA) production was detected with and without the L-tryptophan precursor. Next, we demonstrated that the ED1 strain tolerated 1.5 M NaCl final concentration and exhibited intrinsic resistance to seven antibiotics frequently prescribed for medical use. Moreover, we found that ED1 strain withstood 2 mg/L of Cadmium and 1 mg/L of either Nickel or Copper. Furthermore, we observed that S. rubidaea ED1 stimulated quinoa seeds germination and seedlings growth under salt stress conditions. Lastly, we discuss the advantages versus disadvantages of applying the S. rubidaea ED1 strain as a beneficial agent for salty and/or heavy metals contaminated soils.


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Last updated on 2021-23-11 at 23:21