Performance and dynamic modeling of a continuously operated pomace olive packed bed for olive mill wastewater treatment and phenol recovery


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Lissaneddine A., Mandi L., El Achaby M., Mousset E., Rene E.R., Ouazzani N., Pons M.-N., Aziz F.

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Volume number: 280

ISSN: 0045-6535

URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85106582552&doi=10.1016%2fj.chemosphere.2021.130797&partnerID=40&md5=2982ac5fb5de6f9ce4a2c08a508d0900

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

The solid waste of olive oil extraction processes (olive pomace, OP) was converted into activated carbon (AC) by treating it with NaOH and then encapsulating it within sodium alginate (SA) in beads by crosslinking (SA-AC beads). The prepared SA-AC beads were utilized as an adsorbent for the elimination and recovery of phenolic compounds (PCs) from olive mill wastewater (OMWW) following a zero liquid and waste discharge approach to implement and promote the circular economy concept. The novel AC and SA-AC beads were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) analysis. The adsorption performance of these beads was evaluated in batch and fixed-bed reactors operated in a concurrent flow system. The results revealed that an adsorption capacity of 68 mg g−1 was attained for 4000 mg L−1 phenolic compounds. The kinetics of the adsorption process of the PCs fit a pseudo second-order model, and the most likely mechanism took place in two stages. The adsorption isotherm conformed to the Langmuir model, representing the monolayer adsorption of the phenolic compounds. The dynamic models were used, and they accurately represented the breakthrough curves. Considering PC recovery and process reusability, a regeneration experiment of SA-AC beads was carried out in fixed-bed reactors. SA-AC beads showed a high percentage desorption >40% using ethanol and were efficient after several cycles of OMWW treatment and phenol recovery. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd


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Last updated on 2021-07-12 at 23:18