Alleviation of salinity and metal stress using plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria isolated from semiarid Moroccan copper-mine soils


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Output type: Journal article

UM6P affiliated Publication?: Yes

Author list: Madline, Atika; Benidire, Leila; Boularbah, Ali

Publisher: Springer (part of Springer Nature): Springer Open Choice Hybrid Journals

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Environmental Science and Pollution Research (0944-1344)

ISSN: 0944-1344

eISSN: 1614-7499

Languages: English (EN-GB)


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Abstract

Phytoremediation is an eco-friendly method for rehabilitation of mine tailing. Some heavy metals and salt-tolerant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) could be beneficial in alleviating soil salinity and heavy metal stress during plant growth. The aim of this work is to select PGPR that could be used in phytoremediation process. Twenty-nine rhizobacteria are examined for their ability to grow at increasing concentrations of NaCl, Zn, Pb, Cu, and Cd. The results showed that seventeen rhizobacteria displayed high salinity and metal tolerance up to 100 g L-1 of NaCl, 5 mM of Cd, 9 mM of Pb, 10 mM of Zn, and 6 mM of Cu. Moreover, almost all tested bacteria maintained their PGP traits under 10% of NaCl and multi-metal stress. Based on seedling bioassay under metallic and salt stress, using Peganum harmala L. and Lactuca sativa L., beneficial effects of seed inoculation with bacterial consortia (Mesorhizobium tamadayense, Enterobacter xiangfangensis, Pseudomonas azotifigens, and Streptomyces caelestis) have been observed in terms of root and shoot elongation. Our results show that the stress-tolerant consortium used has a great potential to sustain plants establishment in heavily disturbed soils.


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Last updated on 2021-26-11 at 23:16